W. Bennis, On Becoming a Leader, 1989.

P. E. Bierly, E. H. Kessler, and E. W. Christensen, Organizational learning, knowledge and wisdom, Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol.13, issue.6, pp.13595-618, 2000.
DOI : 10.1108/09534810010378605

R. J. Calantone, S. T. Cavusgil, and Y. Zhao, Learning orientation, firm innovation capability, and firm performance, Industrial Marketing Management, vol.31, issue.6, pp.31-515, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0019-8501(01)00203-6

C. M. Christensen, The innovator's dilemma. When new technologies cause great firms to fail, 1997.

W. Cohen and D. Levinthal, Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol.35, issue.1, pp.128-152, 1990.
DOI : 10.2307/2393553

W. Cohen and D. Levinthal, Innovation and Learning: The Two Faces of R & D, The Economic Journal, vol.99, issue.397, pp.99569-596, 1989.
DOI : 10.2307/2233763

W. Cohen and D. Levinthal, Fortune Favors the Prepared Firm, Management Science, vol.40, issue.2, pp.227-251, 1994.
DOI : 10.1287/mnsc.40.2.227

J. A. Conger, Learning to Lead, 1992.

F. Damanpour, ORGANIZATIONAL INNOVATION: A META-ANALYSIS OF EFFECTS OF DETERMINANTS AND MODERATORS., Academy of Management Journal, vol.34, issue.3, pp.555-590, 1991.
DOI : 10.2307/256406

A. Dubrin and C. Dalglish, Leadership, An Australasian Focus, 2003.

M. Easterby-smith, R. Snell, and S. Gherardi, Organizational Learning: Diverging Communities of Practice?, Management Learning, pp.259-272, 1998.
DOI : 10.1177/1350507698293001

K. Freiberg, Leaders as value shapers Executive Excellence; Provo Nov, 1997.

R. Garud and P. R. Nayyar, Transformative capacity: Continual structuring by intertemporal technology transfer, Strategic Management Journal, vol.27, issue.5, pp.365-385, 1994.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250150504

M. Gilbert and M. Cordey-hayes, Understanding the process of knowledge transfer to achieve successful technological innovation, Technovation, vol.16, issue.6, pp.301-312, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-4972(96)00012-0

R. M. Grant, Toward a knowledge-based theory of the firm, Strategic Management Journal, vol.18, issue.4, pp.109-122, 1996.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250171110

A. N. Hakam and Z. Y. Chang, Patterns of Technology Transfer in Singapore: the Case of the Electronics and Computer Industry, International Journal of Technology Management, vol.3, issue.12, pp.181-189, 1988.

W. H. Hegarty and R. C. Hoffman, Product/Market Innovations: A Study of Top Management Involvement Among Four Cultures, Journal of Product Innovation Management, vol.7, issue.3, pp.186-199, 1990.
DOI : 10.1111/1540-5885.730186

G. Huber, Organizational Learning: The Contributing Processes and the Literatures, Organization Science, vol.2, issue.1, pp.88-115, 1991.
DOI : 10.1287/orsc.2.1.88

D. Jolly and F. Therin, New venture technology sourcing: Exploring the effect of absorptive capacity, learning attitude and past performance, Innovation, vol.9, issue.3-4, 2003.
DOI : 10.5172/impp.2007.9.3-4.235

B. L. Kedia and R. S. Bhagat, Cultural Constraints on Transfer of Technology across Nations, Academy of Management Review, vol.13, issue.4, pp.559-572, 1988.

L. Kim, The Dynamics of Samsung's Technological Learning in Semiconductors, California Management Review, vol.30, issue.3, pp.86-100, 1997.
DOI : 10.2307/2393553

B. Kogut and U. Zander, Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative Capabilities, and the Replication of Technology, Organization Science, vol.3, issue.3, pp.383-397, 1992.
DOI : 10.1287/orsc.3.3.383

J. P. Kotter, Leading Change Harvard Business School Press, 1996.

J. P. Kotter, A Force for Change, The Free Press, 1990.

R. Kumar and K. O. Nti, Differential Learning and Interaction in Alliance Dynamics: A Process and Outcome Discrepancy Model, Organization Science, vol.9, issue.3, pp.356-367, 1998.
DOI : 10.1287/orsc.9.3.356

E. Lefebvre and L. A. Lefebvre, Firm innovativeness and CEO characteristics in small manufacturing firms, Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, vol.9, issue.3-4, pp.243-277, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0923-4748(92)90018-Z

E. Lefebvre, L. A. Lefebvre, and L. Prefontaine, Technological learning and organizational context: fit and performance in SMEs, Proceedings of the Thirtieth Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, pp.96-128, 1996.
DOI : 10.1109/HICSS.1997.661674

D. Leonard-barton, Wellsprings of Knowledge, 1997.

X. Liu and R. S. White, The relative contributions of foreign technology and domestic inputs to innovation in Chinese manufacturing industries, Technovation, vol.17, issue.3, pp.17119-125, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0166-4972(96)00090-9

J. Mariotti, The role of a leader, Industry Week, 1999.

D. Mckee, An organizational learning approach to product innovation, Journal of Product Innovation Management, vol.9, issue.3, pp.232-245, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0737-6782(92)90033-9

D. Miller and P. H. Friesen, Innovation in conservative and entrepreneurial firms: Two models of strategic momentum, Strategic Management Journal, vol.14, issue.1, pp.1-25, 1982.
DOI : 10.1002/smj.4250030102

D. Miller and J. M. Toulouse, Chief Executive Personality and Corporate Strategy and Structure in Small Firms, Management Science, vol.32, issue.11, pp.321389-1410, 1986.
DOI : 10.1287/mnsc.32.11.1389

M. A. Mone, W. Mckinley, and V. L. Barker, Organizational Decline and innovation: a contingency framework, Academy of Management Review, vol.23, issue.1, pp.115-132, 1998.

D. C. Mowery and J. E. Oxley, Inward technology transfer and competitiveness: the role of national innovation systems, Cambridge Journal of Economics, pp.67-93, 1995.

E. C. Nevis, A. J. Dibella, and J. M. Gould, Understanding Organizations as Learning Systems, Sloan Management Review, vol.36, issue.2, pp.73-85, 1995.

I. Nonaka, A Dynamic Theory of Organizational Knowledge Creation, Organization Science, vol.5, issue.1, pp.14-37, 1994.
DOI : 10.1287/orsc.5.1.14

P. C. Nystrom and W. Starbuck, To avoid organizational crises, unlearn, Organizational Dynamics, vol.13, pp.53-65, 1984.

V. Papadakis and D. Bourantas, The chief executive officer as corporate champion of technological innovation: aii empirical investigation, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, vol.15, issue.1, pp.89-109, 1998.
DOI : 10.1287/mnsc.35.5.597

J. D. Politis, The relationship of various leadership styles to knowledge management, Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol.22, issue.8, pp.22354-364, 2001.
DOI : 10.1108/01437730110410071

C. K. Prahalad and G. Hamel, The Core Competence of the Corporation, Harvard Business Review, vol.68, issue.3, pp.79-91, 1990.

R. Rothwell, C. Freeman, A. Horley, V. Jervis, A. B. Robertson et al., SAPPHO Updated-Project SAPPHO, Phase II, Research Policy, issue.3, pp.258-291, 1974.
DOI : 10.1016/0048-7333(74)90010-9

H. J. Sapienza, K. G. Smith, and M. J. Gannon, Using Subjective Evaluations of Organizational Performance in Small Business Research, American Journal of Small Business, vol.12, issue.3, pp.43-53, 1988.

P. M. Senge, THE FIFTH DISCIPLINE, Measuring Business Excellence, vol.1, issue.3, 1990.
DOI : 10.1108/eb025496

J. M. Sinkula, W. E. Baker, and T. Noordewier, A Framework for Market-Based Organizational Learning: Linking Values, Knowledge, and Behavior, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, vol.25, issue.4, pp.305-318, 1997.
DOI : 10.1177/0092070397254003

J. B. Sorensen and T. E. Stuart, Aging, Obsolescence, and Organizational Innovation, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol.45, issue.1, pp.81-112, 2000.
DOI : 10.2307/2666980

G. N. Stock, N. P. Greis, and W. A. Fischer, Absorptive capacity and new product development, The Journal of High Technology Management Research, vol.12, issue.1, pp.77-91, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S1047-8310(00)00040-7

D. J. Teece, G. Pisano, and A. Shuen, Dynamic capabilities and strategic management, Strategic Management Journal, vol.18, issue.7, pp.509-533, 1997.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(199708)18:7<509::AID-SMJ882>3.0.CO;2-Z

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.390.9899

F. Therin, Learning Organization and Innovation Performance in High-Tech Small Firms, Proceedings of International Council for Small Business Conference, 2002.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00451466

R. Veugelers, Internal R & D expenditures and external technology sourcing, Research Policy, vol.26, issue.3, pp.303-315, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0048-7333(97)00019-X

S. Winter, Knowledge and competence as strategic assets The competit ive challenge : strategies for industrial innovation and renewal, pp.159-184, 1997.

M. H. Zack, Developing a Knowledge Strategy, California Management Review, vol.9, issue.3, pp.125-145, 1999.
DOI : 10.2307/2486995

S. A. Zhara and G. George, Absorptive capac ity: a review, reconceptualization, and Extension, Academy of Management Review, vol.27, issue.2, pp.185-203, 2002.