S. Albert and D. A. Whetten, Organizational identity, 1985.

G. Arnaud, The Organization and the Symbolic: Organizational Dynamics Viewed from a Lacanian Perspective, Human Relations, vol.52, issue.6, pp.691-716, 2002.
DOI : 10.1177/0018726702556004

G. Arnaud, The obscure object of demand in consultancy: a psychoanalytic perspective, Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol.13, issue.7, pp.469-484, 1998.
DOI : 10.1108/02683949810239240

DOI : 10.5465/AMJ.2006.20785800

S. Arjoon, Reconciling situational social psychology with virtue ethics, International Journal of Management Reviews, vol.15, issue.2, pp.221-243, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1468-2370.2007.00216.x

S. G. Barsade, The Ripple Effect: Emotional Contagion and Its Influence on Group Behavior, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol.47, issue.4, pp.644-675, 2002.
DOI : 10.2307/3094912

C. A. Bartel and R. Saavedra, The Collective Construction of Work Group Moods, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol.45, issue.2, pp.197-231, 2000.
DOI : 10.2307/2667070

B. M. Bass, On the taming of charisma, The Leadership Quarterly, vol.10, issue.4, pp.541-553, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S1048-9843(99)00030-2

B. M. Bass, Leadership and performance beyond expectations, 1985.

B. M. Bass and B. J. Avolio, Transformational leadership: A response to critiques, Leader theory and research: Perspectives and directions. M. M. Chemers and R, 1993.

J. S. Beer and D. Keltner, What Is Unique About Self-Conscious Emotions ? Psychological Inquiry, 2004.

J. M. Beyer, Taming and promoting charisma to change organizations, The Leadership Quarterly, vol.10, issue.2, pp.307-330, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S1048-9843(99)00019-3

W. R. Bion, Experiences in Groups, 1961.

P. Blos, Son And Father, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, vol.32, issue.2, 1985.
DOI : 10.1177/000306518403200204

J. E. Bono and R. Ilies, Charisma, positive emotions and mood contagion, The Leadership Quarterly, vol.17, issue.4, pp.317-334, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.leaqua.2006.04.008

J. M. Burns, Leadership, Leadership, vol.1, issue.1, 1978.
DOI : 10.1177/1742715005049347

A. N. Carr and C. A. Lapp, Falling in love with investments: A psychoanalytic review of the death instinct in critical management of organizational relationships, 4th International Critical Management Studies Conference, pp.4-6, 2005.

J. Chasseguet-smirgel, The ego-ideal: A psychoanalytic essay on the malady of the ideal, 1985.

R. Cluley, The Psychoanalytic Relationship between Leaders and Folllowers, pp.201-212, 2008.

D. Cooper and S. Tatcher, IDENTIFICATION IN ORGANIZATIONS: THE ROLE OF SELF-CONCEPT ORIENTATIONS AND IDENTIFICATION MOTIVES., Academy of Management Review, vol.35, issue.4, pp.516-538, 2010.
DOI : 10.5465/AMR.2010.53502693

M. Diamond and S. Allcorn, The Cornerstone of Psychoanalytic Organizational Analysis: Psychological Reality, Transference and Counter-Transference in the Workplace, Human Relations, vol.56, issue.4, 2003.
DOI : 10.1177/0018726703056004005

A. Erez, V. F. Misangyi, D. E. Johnson, M. A. Lepine, and K. C. Halverson, Stirring the hearts of followers: Charismatic leadership as the transferal of affect., Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.93, issue.3, pp.602-616, 2008.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-9010.93.3.602

K. S. Fielding and M. A. Hogg, Social identity, self-categorization, and leadership: A field study of small interactive groups., Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, vol.1, issue.1, pp.39-51, 1997.
DOI : 10.1037/1089-2699.1.1.39

M. C. Fiol, D. Harris, and R. House, Charismatic leadership, The Leadership Quarterly, vol.10, issue.3, pp.449-482, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S1048-9843(99)00021-1

M. Fotaki, Choice is yours: A psychodynamic exploration of health policymaking and its consequences for the English National Health Service, Human Relations, vol.59, issue.12, pp.1711-1744, 2006.
DOI : 10.1177/0018726706072871

R. J. Foti, S. L. Fraser, and R. G. Lord, Effects of leadership labels and prototypes on perceptions of political leaders., Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.67, issue.3, pp.326-333, 1982.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-9010.67.3.326

S. Freud, Three essays on the theory of sexuality, The standard edition of the complete works of Sigmund Freud, pp.123-243, 1905.

S. Freud, On narcissism: An introduction, The standard edition of the complete works of Sigmund Freud, pp.67-102, 1914.

S. Freud, Group psychology and the analysis of the ego, The standard edition of the complete works of Sigmund Freud, pp.65-143, 1921.
DOI : 10.1037/11327-000

S. Freud, The ego and the id in The standard edition of the complete works of Sigmund Freud, pp.1-66, 1923.

S. Freud, New introductory lectures on psycho-analysis, The standard edition of the complete works of Sigmund Freud, pp.1-82, 1933.

S. Freud, Totem and taboo, The Pelican Freud Library, 1965.

J. E. Gebauer, P. Broemer, G. Haddock, and U. Hecker, Inclusion-exclusion of positive and negative past selves: Mood congruence as information., Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol.95, issue.2, pp.95-470, 2008.
DOI : 10.1037/a0012543

G. R. Goethals, The psychodynamics of leadership: Freud´s insights and their vicissitudes The Psychology of Leadership: New Perspectives and Research, pp.97-112, 2005.

G. B. Graen, Asking the wrong questions about leadership., American Psychologist, vol.62, issue.6, pp.604-605, 2007.
DOI : 10.1037/0003-066X62.6.604

G. B. Graen and M. Uhl-bien, Relationship-based approach to leadership: Development of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years: Applying a multi-level multi-domain perspective, The Leadership Quarterly, vol.6, issue.2, pp.219-247, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/1048-9843(95)90036-5

A. G. Greenwald and M. R. Banaji, The self as a memory system: Powerful, but ordinary., Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol.57, issue.1, pp.41-54, 1989.
DOI : 10.1037/0022-3514.57.1.41

J. Haidt, The emotional dog and its rational tail: A social intuitionist approach to moral judgment., Psychological Review, vol.108, issue.4, pp.814-834, 2001.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-295X.108.4.814

M. A. Hogg, Social Identity and leadership. In The psychology of leadership: New perspectives and research, pp.53-80, 2005.

M. A. Hogg, A Social Identity Theory of Leadership, Personality and Social Psychology Review, vol.76, issue.3, pp.184-200, 2001.
DOI : 10.1207/S15327957PSPR0503_1

M. A. Hogg, T. , and D. J. , Social identity and self-categorization processes in organizational contexts, Academy of Management Review, vol.25, pp.121-140, 2000.

M. A. Hogg and D. Van-knippenberg, Social Identity and Leadership Processes in Groups, In Advances in experimental social psychology. M. P. Zanna, vol.35, pp.1-52, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0065-2601(03)01001-3

R. J. House and M. L. Baetz, Leadership: Some empirical generalizations and new research directions in, Research in organizational behavior, pp.341-423, 1979.

T. A. Judge, J. E. Bono, R. Ilies, and M. W. Gerhardt, Personality and leadership: A qualitative and quantitative review., Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.87, issue.4, pp.765-780, 2002.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-9010.87.4.765

R. Kark, B. Shamir, and G. Chen, The two faces of transformational leadership: Empowerment and dependency., Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.88, issue.2, pp.246-255, 2003.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-9010.88.2.246

D. Keltner, D. Gruenfeld, and C. Anderson, Power, approach, and inhibition., Psychological Review, vol.110, issue.2, 2003.
DOI : 10.1037/0033-295X.110.2.265

M. F. Kets-de-vries, The Spirit of Despotism: Understanding the Tyrant Within, Human Relations, vol.59, issue.2, pp.195-220, 2006.
DOI : 10.1002/9781119206460.ch8

M. F. Kets-de-vries, Lessons on leadership by terror: Finding Shaka Zulu in the attic, 2004.
DOI : 10.4337/9781845423476

M. F. Kets-de-vries, Prisoners of leadership The neurotic organization, 1985.

M. Kets-de-vries and D. Miller, Narcissism and Leadership: An Object Relations Perspective, Human Relations, vol.55, issue.6, pp.583-601, 1985.
DOI : 10.1177/001872678503800606

J. F. Kihlstrom, J. S. Beer, and S. B. Klein, Self and identity as memory, 2003.

&. J. Leary, Handbook of self and identity, pp.68-90

J. F. Kihlstrom and S. B. Klein, The self as a knowledge structure, Handbook of social cognition, 1994.

D. Lagache, La psychanalyse et la structure de la personnalite, Oeuvres IV, 1956.

S. Long, The Signifier and the Group, Human Relations, vol.52, issue.1, pp.389-401, 1991.
DOI : 10.1177/001872679104400406

R. G. Lord, Functional leadership behavior: Measurement and relations to social Identity and Leadership 29, 1977.

R. G. Lord, An information processing approach to social perception, leadership and behavioral measurement in organizations, Research in Organizational Behavior, vol.7, pp.87-128, 1985.

R. G. Lord, D. J. Brown-lord, R. G. , and D. J. Brown, Leadership, values, and subordinate self-concepts, The Leadership Quarterly, vol.12, issue.2, pp.133-152, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S1048-9843(01)00072-8

R. G. Lord, D. J. Brown, and J. L. Harvey, System Constraints on Leadership Perceptions, Behavior, and Influence: An Example of Connectionist Level Processes, Blackwell handbook of social psychology: Group processes. M. A. Hogg and R. S, 2001.
DOI : 10.1002/9780470998458.ch12

R. G. Lord, R. J. Foti, and J. S. Phillips, A theory of leadership categorization, 1982.

R. G. Lord, R. J. Foti, and C. L. Devader, A test of leadership categorization theory: Internal structure, information processing, and leadership perceptions, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, vol.34, issue.3, pp.343-378, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0030-5073(84)90043-6

R. G. Lord and K. J. Maher, Leadership and information processing: Linking perceptions and performance, 1991.

R. G. Lord, C. D. Vader, and G. M. Alliger, A meta-analysis of the relation between personality traits and leadership perceptions: An application of validity generalization procedures., Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.71, issue.3, pp.402-410, 1986.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-9010.71.3.402

K. B. Lowe, K. G. Kroeck, and N. Sivasubramaniam, Effectiveness correlates of transformational and transactional leadership: A meta-analytic review of the mlq literature, The Leadership Quarterly, vol.7, issue.3, pp.385-425, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/S1048-9843(96)90027-2

H. R. Markus and E. Wurf, The Dynamic Self-Concept: A Social Psychological Perspective, Annual Review of Psychology, vol.38, issue.1, pp.299-337, 1987.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.ps.38.020187.001503

S. Mijolla-mellor, Ego-ideal/ideal ego in The International dictionary of psychoanalysis, 2005.

J. R. Meindl, Reinventing leadership: A radical, social psychological approach. In Social psychology in organizations: Advances in theory and research, J. K, 1993.

J. L. Nye and D. R. Forsyth, The Effects of Prototype-Based Biases on Leadership Appraisals: A Test of Leadership Categorization Theory, Small Group Research, vol.22, issue.3, pp.360-379, 1991.
DOI : 10.1177/1046496491223005

C. Oreilly, J. Iii, and . Chatman, Organizational commitment and psychological attachment: The effects of compliance, identification, and internalization on prosocial behavior., Journal of Applied Psychology, vol.71, issue.3, pp.492-499, 1986.
DOI : 10.1037/0021-9010.71.3.492

S. J. Parry-giles and T. Parry-giles, Collective memory, political nostalgia, and the rhetorical presidency: Bill Clinton's commemoration of the March on Washington, August 28, 1998, Quarterly Journal of Speech, vol.47, issue.4, pp.417-437, 1998.
DOI : 10.1080/15295039109366792

J. Pfeffer, Management as symbolic action: The creation and maintenance of organizational paradigms, pp.1-52, 1981.

J. L. Schroeder and D. G. Carlson, Psychoanalysis as the Jurisprudence of Freedom, 2007.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511576386.018

H. S. Schwartz, Political Correctness and Organizational Nihilism, Human Relations, vol.53, issue.1, pp.1275-1294, 2002.
DOI : 10.1177/0018726702055011918

H. S. Schwartz, Narcissistic processes and corporate decay: The theory of the Identity and Leadership 31 organization ideal, 1990.

B. Shamir, R. J. House, and M. B. Arthur, The Motivational Effects of Charismatic Leadership: A Self-Concept Based Theory, Organization Science, vol.4, issue.4, pp.577-594, 1993.
DOI : 10.1287/orsc.4.4.577

M. Stein, Oedipus Rex at Enron: Leadership, Oedipal struggles, and organizational collapse, Human Relations, vol.38, issue.4, pp.1387-1410, 2007.
DOI : 10.1177/0018726707082852

R. M. Stogdill, Personal Factors Associated with Leadership: A Survey of the Literature, The Journal of Psychology, vol.24, issue.4, pp.35-71, 1948.
DOI : 10.2307/2084363

A. Styhre, Management Control in Bureaucratic and Postbureaucratic Organizations: A Lacanian Perspective, Group & Organization Management, vol.33, issue.6, pp.635-656, 2008.
DOI : 10.1177/1059601108325697

F. Summers, The Self and Analytic Technique., Psychoanalytic Psychology, vol.22, issue.3, pp.341-356, 2005.
DOI : 10.1037/0736-9735.22.3.341

H. Tajfel, Cognitive Aspects of Prejudice, Journal of Social Issues, vol.70, issue.4, pp.79-97, 1969.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1969.tb00620.x

H. Tajfel and J. C. Turner, An integrative theory of intergroup conflict, The social psychology of intergroup relations, pp.33-47, 1979.

J. C. Turner, Social categorization and the self-concept: A social cognitive theory of group behavior, Advances in group processes: Theory and research, 1985.

T. R. Tyler and A. E. Lind, A Relational Model of Authority in Groups, Advances in experimental social psychology, pp.115-191, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/S0065-2601(08)60283-X

M. Weber, The theory of social and economic organization, p.32, 1947.

M. C. Withers, K. G. Corley, and A. J. Hillman, Stay or Leave: Director Identities and Voluntary Exit from the Board During Organizational Crisis, Organization Science, vol.23, issue.3, pp.1-16, 2011.
DOI : 10.1287/orsc.1110.0660

S. J. Zaccaro, Trait-based perspectives of leadership., American Psychologist, vol.62, issue.1, pp.6-16, 2007.
DOI : 10.1037/0003-066X.62.1.6